The Two Minds
Let’s begin witha an exercise penned by Mark Manson: Close your eyes.
Wait, don’t close them yet. Finish reading this paragraph, then close them. Try to think about nothing for 30 seconds. Ready? Go.
Wasn’t easy was it? Chances are various thoughts and images kept popping into your head. Now, I want you to try the same exercise again, except this time I want you to pay attention to which specific thoughts and images pop up. Try to keep track of them. Notice them, note what they are, and then let them go. See if you can do that for a minute. Ready? Go.
What were they? Maybe that fight you had with your brother the other day. Or the assignment that’s due tomorrow but you’re reading this instead. Or maybe a movie you saw recently, or some sort of fantasy. Chances are you were able to notice them for a little while but then you quickly find yourself getting sucked into thinking about them involuntarily. If you’ve ever meditated, even a little bit, you’re familiar with the experience you just had. You closed your eyes and tried to shut your mind up, even if for 30 seconds, and despite your best efforts, the spigot of thought vomit just kept pouring out. If you’ve ever attended meditation retreats or been involved in some movement such as Zen, like I was for a while, they talk a lot about this “mind chatter” that you suffered through. And the thing is, that “mind chatter” never stops. It’s always going on in your daily life.
A lot of these eastern philosophies aim to “quiet” that chatterbox of a mind that we have, and I suppose it’s useful to put a little damper on it. But I’ve actually found practicing these sorts of techniques have another benefit, a benefit psychologists are just catching on to and starting to write about here in the West. That benefit is what I call “The Two Minds.” When you close your eyes and try to eliminate any thoughts (and fail miserably like the rest of us), obviously your mind is thinking. But if your mind is thinking, then who is observing the mind thinking? When you did the exercise and your mind kept wandering back to what you had to do at work tomorrow, who was it that was watching your mind worry about work tomorrow? It was your mind watching your mind.
In Zen they refer to this as the “Thinking Mind” and the “Observing Mind” — the two minds. It’s a common concept in Buddhism, and new western therapies such as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) are catching on to how useful it is and how it can solve a lot of our everyday emotional problems. I’ll break down the Two Minds further and then show you how they can be applied to solving many of the emotional problems we deal with in our everyday lives. The problem with the Thinking Mind is that we don’t completely control it. Don’t believe me? I’ll prove it.
Whatever you do, do NOT think about a pink elephant. Don’t think about a pink elephant holding a blue umbrella with his trunk. Don’t think about a pink elephant once over the next two paragraphs. OK, not only did you picture a big pink elephant with a blue umbrella, but you were watching yourself think about a pink elephant while you were reading the past two paragraphs. Your Observing Mind was watching your Thinking Mind indulge in pink elephants repeatedly, despite the fact that it was telling your Thinking Mind NOT to indulge in said elephants. The Thinking Mind is always chattering away, while you’re waiting in line, while you’re in bed trying to sleep, when you “tune out” of conversations with people, or when your mind wanders while reading. Our Thinking Mind is like a horny dog on a leash that keeps running after things, and if we aren’t used to using our Observing Mind, then our Thinking Mind drags us along with it. That’s actually where most of our suffering comes from — not from the negative emotions themselves, but from the fact that we’re helpless from getting sucked into the negative emotions.
Most of our psychological and emotional stress happens because our Thinking Mind and Observing Mind are “fused” and we don’t recognize the difference. People ask me all the time, “How do I stop feeling so jealous?” or “How do I stop feeling so angry?” or “How do I not get nervous in this situation anymore?” The answer: you don’t. You can’t control your Thinking Mind. Those emotions pop up and will continue to pop up. The trick is to not fuse with those emotions when they arise. In Zen, they advise that instead of saying, “I am angry,” to say, “I feel anger.” Instead of saying, “I am nervous,” say, “I feel nervousness.” Instead of saying, “I am jealous,” you say, “I feel jealousy.” It may seem like a subtle difference, but try it. Think of a time recently when you felt a negative emotion, a lot of anger or nervousness or insecurity. Now, instead of thinking, “I was angry at my brother,” think instead, “I felt anger towards my brother.” You had anger, but you weren’t controlled by the anger. Emotions are not a choice. Behavior is. People ask me all the time, “How do you deal with being afraid of failure?” or “How do you not worry about being rejected?” I deal with fear and worry by dealing with fear and worry. I accept it and move on despite it. I don’t let my Thinking Mind control me. I defuse from my emotions. When I feel fear, I consciously choose to act despite it. When I feel worry, I consciously choose to act despite it. For instance, when I have to sit down and write a lot (like MARKMANSON.NET 6 writing this PDF), I often get nervous. I want to write something really great because I know thousands of people are going to read it. One result of this nervousness is procrastination. When I was younger and I was in situations where I got nervous and procrastinated (i.e., a big term paper in school), I would decide, “I can’t do it because I’m too tired,” or “I can’t focus like other people, I must have ADD or something.” This was me being fused with my Thinking Mind. There was no separation between my emotions and my identity. I was a slave to my Thinking Mind, tugged by its leash.
We all produce excuses and negative emotions involuntarily. That’s never going to change. I don’t care how many positive thoughts you conjure, what kind of therapies you do, or what kind of New Agey spiritual crap you come up with — negative thoughts and emotions are natural processes of the human brain. You can’t get away from them. None of us can. What you CAN do is accept them. Defuse from them. And then act despite them. When people come to me ask how to “Stop feeling angry,” or “Stop getting nervous,” this is their problem. The more you focus on an emotion, the more powerful it becomes. Negative emotions are like quicksand: the more you struggle to get out of them, the further into them you sink. The trick is to accept them and then let go. This is a skill and it is a process, but it cannot be practiced until you recognize that there are two minds and you only control one of them. Here are some exercises you can do
- Whenever you feel a strong emotion or thought, disidentify with it and then take possession of it. “My boss is not an idiot. But I am having the thought that my boss is an idiot.” “I don’t hate my ex-girlfriend. I am feeling hatred toward my ex-girlfriend.” “I am not lonely and depressed. I am feeling loneliness and depression.” Language is very powerful. Notice when you disidentify from these emotions and thoughts in this way it 1) implies that they’re temporary states, and not permanent conditions and 2) forces you to take responsibility for them. They’re nobody’s fault, they just are.
- Thank your Thinking Mind for negative thoughts and emotions. This is a technique from ACT and it is effective. It may sound absolutely nuts, but it’s effective because it FORCES you to accept your negative emotions instead of fight them. “Thank you, Thinking Mind, for feeling nervous before my date tonight. It will keep me on my toes!” “Thank you, Thinking Mind, for being angry at my boss. I really appreciate how much you care.” This is going to feel really bizarre — expressing gratitude towards negative emotions. But I think you’ll find that it diminishes the power of the thoughts and emotions over time and actually impels you to take action despite them.
- Finally, if you find yourself in the heat of the moment, or if there’s something that’s really nagging at you, try this out. Take something that’s bothered you recently and hold it in your mind. Maybe it’s your girlfriend nagging you. Maybe it’s being terrified of talking to that cute girl in class next to you. Maybe it’s quitting your job. Distill it into a single sentence, such as, “I feel afraid of quitting my job.” Or “I feel irritated with my girlfriend.” Now close your eyes and imagine Bugs Bunny saying it, while chewing a carrot. Then Mickey Mouse saying it, while dancing and doing cartwheels.
Chances are you feel much better about it and the negative emotion isn’t nearly as potent as it was before. Separating your Observing Mind from your Thinking Mind is a habit that takes practice. But once you begin to do it, you’ll feel yourself becoming less and less of a slave to your thoughts and your emotions. You’ll take more control of your internal daily life and feel better about it. In my opinion, this is the single most important step to developing self-discipline and acting despite whatever neuroses or mental hang ups you may suffer from. Once you’ve differentiated your two minds, you can begin to evaluate your thoughts and feelings from an objective place and decide which ones are helpful and which ones are hurtful.